Hazards of E Waste

Presently in India, e-waste recycling is a largely an un-organized sector where a legal frame work, collection system, logistics and other services are lacking. This is estimated to be about 95% of the total market. This gives rise to complex problems and tackling them is the need of the hour.

Problems & Hazards:-

In India, falling prices and rapid changes in technology have resulted in the amount of e-waste being generated to increase exponentially.

Total e-waste generated by India according to a United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) report dated February 2010 was 3,80,000 ton/annum of which the State of Maharashtra generates the highest amount.

The unorganized recycling sector which fails to practice eco-friendly e-waste recycling methods release large amount of toxic chemicals. Regularly used items include harmful substances and chemicals which are mentioned in the table below.

Substances & Hazards

1. Mercury : Chronic brain damage.

2. Lead : Damages central nervous system, blood system and kidneys.

3. Barium : Muscular weakness, damage to heart, liver spleen.

4. Cadmium :Effects Kidney and Liver.

5. Beryllium: Affects lungs, cause of lung cancer.